Category: Linux

ExTiX Deepin 20.5 Live based on Deepin 20 Beta (latest) with Skype, Spotify, Refracta Snapshot and kernel 5.7.0-rc5 :: Build 200517

NEWS 200517 ABOUT ExTiX Deepin
I’ve released a new version of ExTiX Deepin today (200517). This ExTiX Build is based on Deepin 20 Beta released by Deepin Technology 200415.

NEW FUNCTIONS etc

1.You can run ExTiX from RAM. Use boot alternative 2 (load to RAM) or Advanced. A wonderful way to run Linux if you have enough RAM. Everything will be super fast. When ExTiX has booted up you can remove the DVD or USB stick.
2. You will have the opportunity to choose language before you enter the Deepin 20 Desktop. All main languages are supported.
3. I have replaced Deepin Installer with the Reborn version of Deepin Installer. Works better in every way.
4. I have replaced kernel 5.5.0-rc3-exton with kernel 5.7.0-rc5-exton. The latest available kernel from Kernel.org.
5. Spotify and Skype are pre-installed.
6. You can watch Netflix while running Firefox.
7. You can install ExTiX Deepin also in VirtualBox/VMware using Deepin Installer. (In previous versions you had to “chroot” into the install partition and install Grub).
8. Install ExTiX to a USB stick preferably with Rufus 3.10 in Windows.

UNIQUE
I may add that there is no other live version of Deepin 20 Beta.

SCREENSHOTS
1. ExTiX Deepin 20 Beta Desktop
2. Refracta Snapshot has started
3. ExTiX Deepin being installed in VirtualBox using Deepin Installer
4. ExTiX Deepin login screen (LightDM)
5. Movie showing how to enable Window effects

READ MORE…

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at

andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX 10 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Pie 9.0 (also with GAPPS)!
and
about my Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at

raspex.exton.se – latest is RaspAnd Pie 9.0 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!

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Things You Didn’t Know You Could Do With a Raspberry Pi – 200514

Things You Didn’t Know You Could Do With a Raspberry Pi
Originally conceived as an affordable and effective tool for bringing the computer age to depressed areas in the world, the Raspberry Pi has evolved into a device with its own niche tech following. The reason for this is simple: Whichever Raspberry Pi model you have in your hands right now, there’s almost no limit to the stuff you can do or create with this credit card-sized computer. With a powerful enough model, rudimentary knowledge of programming languages like Python or Scratch, and a wild imagination, you can find a range of fun and unique ways to utilize your Raspberry Pi.

Start a Radio Station
Broadcasting software such as PiFM or its simplified Make Magazine version can allow you to instantly start broadcasting on your choice of frequency. You’ll also need a basic antenna to amplify your signal and broadcast up to 300 feet away. The Verge outlines the process of physically riggin your Raspberry Pi for broadcasting, as well as the commands and software you need to start your own pirate radio at home.

Create a File-Sharing Network
This can mean a number of things. You can use the Samba/CIFS networking protocol in Windows devices to make files accessible to a number of remote users instantly. You can also turn your Raspberry Pi into a network attached storage device (NAS), which can make certain files or even different hard drives wirelessly available anywhere in your home. Either way, such systems can allow you to enable wireless file access in a small to medium-sized office. You can also use them to release a music album in a defined location, without the need for any physical exchange.

Design a PCB
A Raspberry Pi can be used to run a variety of printed circuit board (PCB) design software, from the simple KiCad PCB design tool to the much more complex Diptrace and Eagle. The better the software you can run, the more complex PCBs you can create. For instance, Altium notes how contemporary PCB router software allows engineers to get the job of finishing complex designs right the first time, which is difficult even for veteran designers. What used to take several weeks has been streamlined by this modern design software. The complexity of the PCB design software you can use generally depends on your ability to customize your Raspberry Pi.

Automatic Pet Feeder
Why buy one of those fancy and expensive automated pet feeders when you can turn your Raspberry Pi into one? Using a code and module he designed himself, David Bryan attached a system of computer-controlled servos to a food container to create an automated pet feeder from scratch. Programmable through WiFi, the feeder allowed him to leave home without worrying about his pets either starving or overeating. Bryan outlines the complicated process, along with the tools and materials needed, for anyone who wants to do the same.

Design Your Own Computer
Every Raspberry Pi is just a tiny computer with a bunch of missing parts that can be configured from anything that’s available. Perhaps the greatest example of this fact is programmer Jannis Hermanns’ Lego Mac which went viral in 2017, a Raspberry Pi reconfigured to look and actually kind of run like an even more adorable version of the first Macintosh computer. Inspired by a Lego session with her son, the programmer left the full instructions for her creation online, which in turn has inspired other would-be artists and engineers to create their own personalized versions.


CREDIT: KRITSADA JAIYEN, Pixabay – no changes made to image

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About NixOS – How to multiboot the system together with several other Linux systems and Windows :: 200507

What is NixOS?
NixOS is a Linux distribution with a unique approach to package and configuration management. Built on top of the Nix package manager, it is completely declarative, makes upgrading systems reliable, and has many other advantages.

I think NixOS is a very interesting and useful Linux system, but a bit difficult to handle, since it doesn’t work like any other Linux system. I.e. the installation to hard drive is very special, the file system is different and NixOS uses special commands, which you can’t use in any other Linux system. However, if you follow my instruction below you can install NixOS without messing up your current Grub boot configuration and finally enjoy NixOS running from hard drive.

INSTRUCTION
1. Download NixOS and install the ISO to a USB stick using Rufus 3.10 in Windows. Start up your computer from the USB stick
2. Install NixOS by following the NixOS Installation Manual
3. Add the lines below to /etc/nixos/configuration.nix and be sure not to install Grub during the NixOS installation. Open configuration.nix with Nano.

boot.loader = {

grub.enable = true;
grub.version = 2;
grub.device = “nodev”;
};

4. Reboot and start up the Linux system (for example Ubuntu) where you have Grub installed. Add the lines below to /boot/grub.cfg or
/etc/grub.d/40_custom

menuentry ‘NixOS’ {
boot.loader.grub.device = “nodev”;
set root='(hd0,X)’
configfile ‘/boot/grub/grub.cfg’;
}

NOTE1: You shall of course replace “X” with the correct number for your install partition. For example (hd0,6)

5. If something goes wrong you can always chroot (change root) into your NixOS partition. Do it like this.
A) Start up your computer from the NixOS DVD or USB stick and run the command mount /dev/disk/by-label/nixos /mnt
B) Then run the command nixos-enter
C) You can also do a manual chroot from any Linux system – watch this screenshot
D) Now you can install any extra (or missed) packages. Example: nix-env -i wireless-tools
NOTE2: When installing packages in chroot you may get an error message saying that the “Operation is not permitted”.
That can be fixed by adding the line nix.readOnlyStore = false to the end of /etc/nixos/configuration.nix.
NOTE3: While in chroot you may not get a Internet connection. That is fixed by editing /etc/resolv.conf. Add the line nameserver 8. 8.8.8. Open resolv.conf with the command nano /etc/resolv.conf.

Difficulties with NetworkManager
If you can’t get a Internet connection through WiFi when you have started NixOS from hard drive you should start up your computer from the DVD/USB stick again and chroot as described above.

A) Then install NetworkManager and NM-applet with the command: nix-env -i network-manager network-manager-applet

B) Edit /etc/nixos/configuration.nix like this – see below. (Open the file with Nano).

networking.wireless.enable = false;
## Only one daemon, wireless or networkmanager, could be ## enabled at the same time.
networking.networkmanager.enable = true;

C) Rebuild NixOS with the command:
nixos-rebuild switch –upgrade –show-trace

D) Reboot and start NetworkManager service daemon with the command: systemctl restart networkmanager
NOTE: The last command may not be necessary. If you see the NM-applet to the right in the panel just click on it and connect.

About multiboot with Grub
On the computer where I now have NixOS installed I also have nine (9) other Linux systems and Windows 10 installed. Study my Grub configuration (/boot/grub/grub.cfg). You may also find my instruction How To dual boot, triple boot or multi boot Linux with Windows in a simple way and be happy interesting.

Screenshots from my NixOS installation
1. The Desktop when running as root

2. The Desktop when running as an ordinary user
3. Spotify is running (install Spotify with the command: nix-env -i spotify)

Good luck! /exton

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at

andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX 10 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Pie 9.0 (also with GAPPS)!
and
about my Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se – latest is RaspAnd Pie 9.0 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!

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Run Android 10 on your PC :: AndEX 10 (Android-x86_64) with GAPPS (Google Play Store etc.), F-Droid, Brave Browser and Spotify :: Build 200218

NEWS 200218 – A new version of AndEX 10
I’ve uploaded a new upgraded version of AndEX 10 – andex-10-x86_64-gapps-fdroid-spotify-1180mb-200218.iso. I.e. all included apps have been updated to the latest version. Also Google Play Services and Google Play Store. The main reason for this new version is that I discovered that Google Chrome couldn’t run anymore. I have therefore replaced Google Chrome with Brave, which is an excellent Web Browser in many ways. At the same time I discovered a new very nice launcher – 3D Live Launcher. So it is of course included in AndEX Build 200218. Make it your standard Launcher. I’ve also added the app Google Play Games. Makes it easier to run games in AndEX.

Upgrade from version 200108 to 200218?
If you already have AndEX version 200108 up and running there is no need to acquire the new version. Just upgrade all apps to the latest version of today and you’re done! Use Google Play Store for that. You can of course also install Brave, the 3D Live Launcher and Google Play Games yourself.

READ MORE or download the ISO directly…

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AndEX 10 (Android-x86) runs very well on the Intel Compute Stick

AndEX 10 (Android-x86) Build 200108 with GAPPS (Google Play Store etc.) runs very well on the Intel Compute Stick. See how it looks (photo) when I use a 55 Inch TV.

Read about Intel Compute Sticks…

History
This is what I wrote on December 3, 2016: I have made a new version of ExTiX – The Ultimate Linux System. I call it ExTiX 16.5 LXQt for the Intel Compute Stick. Build 161203 is only for Intel Compute Sticks. I.e. you can’t run the system on other computers. Build 161203 uses “my” kernel 4.8.0-26-exton-IntelAtom with special patches, which I have Linuxium to thank for. READ MORE…

Kernel patches isn’t needed anymore, which means that any Linux system can be installed to the stick. For example ExTiX LXQt and AndEX 10.

About AndEX 10
I knew from before that ExTiX runs very well on the Compute Stick. Today I decided to test it with AndEX 10. And guess what? Also AndEX works very well! You can run it live (from a USB stick) or install it (which I did). AndEX 10 Build 200108 has GAPPS (Google Play Store etc), Aptoide App Manager, F-Droid, Spotify, Angry Birds and many other apps pre-installed. Those apps are fun to run on a BIG TV screen.

SCREENSHOTS
1. The AndEX Desktop
2. Showing system INFO
3. AIDA64 running

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at

andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX 10 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Pie 9.0 (also with GAPPS)!
and
about my Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se – latest is RaspAnd Pie 9.0 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!

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ExTiX LXQt with kernel 5.5 and Kodi 18.5 runs very well on the Intel Compute Stick

ExTiX LXQt with LXQt 0.14.1 and Kodi 18.5 Leia runs very well on the Intel Compute Stick. Watch this screenshot.

Read about Intel Compute Sticks…

History
This is what I wrote on December 3, 2016: I have made a new version of ExTiX – The Ultimate Linux System. I call it ExTiX 16.5 LXQt for the Intel Compute Stick. Build 161203 is only for Intel Compute Sticks. I.e. you can’t run the system on other computers. Build 161203 uses “my” kernel 4.8.0-26-exton-IntelAtom with special patches, which I have Linuxium to thank for. READ MORE

Kernel patches isn’t needed anymore, which means that any Linux system can be installed to the stick. For example ExTiX LXQt.

Kernel 5.5
If you already have a Ubuntu/Debian system installed on your stick you can download and install “my” kernel 5.5.0-exton.

About Kodi 18.5
Kodi runs very well on the stick. On a web site called FireStickTricks you can find instructions how to install 27 (?!) extra Kodi Builds with their own repositories and skins. The article is called Best Kodi Builds February 2020. I have tried four of them myself. Titanium Build, No Limits Magic, Diggz Xenon and Innovation. They are very easy to install and work very well. Perhaps you’ll find your own favorite!

SCREENSHOTS
1. Showing system INFO
2. The LXQt Desktop with Synaptic running
3. Kodi 18.5 and the Titanium Home screen

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at

andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX 10 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Pie 9.0 (also with GAPPS)!
and
about my Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se – latest is RaspAnd Pie 9.0 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!

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exGENT (Gentoo) 64bit Live DVD/USB with LXQt 0.14.1, Calamares Installer and kernel 5.3.7-aufs-exgent – Build 200119 – can be installed in 2 min!

NEWS 200119 about exGENT (Gentoo) 64 bit
I’ve made a new version of exGENT with only a few necessary packages pre-installed. It uses LXQt 0.14.1 as Desktop environment and kernel 5.3.7-aufs-exgent. The ISO file is of 1720 MB. Despite this exGENT version 200119 runs surprisingly fast from DVD or USB. Even in VirtualBox and VMware. Faster than most other Linux live systems. I call my new version exGENT 2020 LXQt Live DVD/USB. It replaces version 180414, 170407 and 170412. Those versions were too old for upgrading. I had to start over and build version 200119 from “scratch”. All installed packages in exGENT have been updated to the latest available version by 200119. Study the full package list.

What’s new in exGENT Build 200119?
The boot loader Grub Legacy has been replaced by Grub2. In exGENT versions before 170309 the file system wasn’t writable when running exGENT live (from DVD). Now you can emerge (install) new programs/packages even while running the system from a DVD or USB stick. If you do that and later decide to install exGENT to hard drive all your changes will follow! (That is if you use the install scripts in /root/install). Furthermore you can install/transfer exGENT to a USB stick with the dd command in Linux or use Rufus or Etcher in Windows. Such installations were impossible before. NOTE: I have not installed Google Chrome. It’s not needed anymore, since Netflix nowadays runs very well in Firefox. About the LXQt Desktop environment: LXQt is a lightweight Qt desktop environment. It will not get in your way. It will not hang or slow down your system. It is focused on being a classic desktop with a modern look and feel. MOST IMPORTANT: Now you can install exGENT to hard drive in two ways. You can still use the install scrips in /root/install. That is the best way to install exGENT on non UEFI computers for example VirtualBox and VMware. The second way is to use Calamares Installer- see below.

Calamares Installer

In exGENT Build 200119 I’ve also included the Calamares Installer version 3.2.17.1 (latest). Use it preferably if you need to install Grub on UEFI computers. You can, however, also use Calamares in VirtualBox and VMware. See a slideshow below when I have used Calamares on a UEFI computer to install exGENT on a USB stick.



If you can’t watch the slideshow in your browser watch this animated GIF.

exGENT Build 200119 is a non Systemd system

exGENT uses OpenRC 0.42.1 init system instead of Systemd. Comparison of different init systems: Read this article.

exGENT Build 200119 unique?
If you have a look at Gentoo’s download site you will notice that the latest Gentoo live system is from 20160704 (!?). Furthermore there are only a few other distros based on Gentoo. The most well-known are Funtoo Linux and Sabayon Linux. Funtoo isn’t a live system. Sabayon is a live system distributed with different Desktops variants. (Not with LXQt though). I have tried some of them on the computers I have access to. None of Sabayon’s variants could run live. Not even in VirtualBox and VMware. My guess is that exGENT has better hardware recognition than Sabayon.

WHO IS exGENT/Gentoo FOR?
Experienced Linux users or those who really want to learn Linux. (Perhaps also for people who are bored with mainstream distributions like Ubuntu).

Screenshots
1. exGENT Build 200119 – root’s Desktop
2. exGENT running Spotify

3. exGENT running Calamares in VirtualBox
4. exGENT running in VirtualBox
5. exGENT running in VMware
6. exGENT Build 200119 – live’s Desktop

READ MORE…

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – 10, Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at

andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX 10 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Pie 9.0 (also with GAPPS)!
and
about my Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se – latest is RaspAnd Pie 9.0 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!

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DebEX Gnome – 64 bit – for UEFI computers with Gnome Desktop 3.34, Calamares Installer, Refracta Snapshot and kernel 5.4.4-exton – Build 191220

About all DebEX systems
All four DebEX systems/distributions are a based on Debian Buster (10) and
Debian Bullseye/Sid (upcoming Debian 11). Budgie Desktop 10.5 and Enlightenment 0.23.1 are used as Desktop environments in DebEX Barebone/Budgie/Enlightenment. Gnome 3.34 is used in DebEX Gnome. KDE Plasma Desktop 5:14 is used in DebEX KDE. LXQt is used in DebEX Build 19120932 bit. The system language is English (in all four versions of DebEX).

NEWS 191220 about DebEX Gnome
I had to replace yesterdays version of DebEX Gnome with version 191220. VirtualBox Guest Utils couldn’t be installed in yesterdays version. Something was wrong with the kernel configuration. I therefore had to compile a new kernel (5.4.4 – latest!) today. Now everything works also in VirtualBox. Another good thing with version 191220 of DebEX Gnome is that it can be installed without problems in VirtualBox. I.e. you don’t have to chroot into the install partition and install Grub – screenshot.

NEWS 191219 about DebEX Gnome a Refracta UEFI Build
I have made a new extra version of DebEX, which I call DebEX Gnome Live DVD. It’s a pure Debian system using the testing (bullseye) and unstable (sid) repositories. Gnome 3.34 (latest) is used as Desktop environment. I have removed the Mate Desktop, since Gnome now can be used on all kind of computers. Also when running DebEX in VirtualBox and VMware. No need for Nvidia’s proprietary graphics drivers when running this new version of DebEX. You can of course install such drivers if you want to.Furthermore I have replaced Google Chrome with Iceweasel. It is now possible to watch Netflix movies using Iceweasel (Firefox) in Linux. I have also replaced Refracta Installer with Calamares Installer, which makes it possible to install DebEX Gnome in any language. You can even use Calamares in VirtualBox and VMware – i.e. non-efi computers. All installed packages have been updated to the latest version as of 191219. DebEX Gnome uses kernel 5.4.3-exton corresponding Kernel.org’s second latest kernel 5.4.3.

SCREENSHOTS
The ordinary user user Gnome Desktop
root’s Desktop
The login screen (LightDM)
Calamares installer has started
The installation (in VirtualBox) is done!

READ MORE…

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at

andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX Pie 9.0 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Oreo 8.1 (also with GAPPS)!
and
about my Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se – latest is RaspAnd Pie 9.0 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!

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ExTiX 19.10, Build 191023, with LXQt 0.14.1, Refracta Snapshot, Nvidia 430.50 and kernel 5.3.7-extix

ExTiX 19.10 LXQt – Build 191023
I have made a new version of ExTiX – The Ultimate Linux System. I call it ExTiX 19.10 LXQt Live DVD. (The previous LXQt version was 19.5 from 190508). The best thing with ExTiX 19.10 is that while running the system live (from DVD/USB) or from hard drive you can use Refracta Snapshot (pre-installed) to create your own live installable Ubuntu system. So easy that a ten year child can do it! One other very good thing with this version of ExTiX is that it is quite light. The ISO file is of only 1200 MB, which means that you can run the system super fast from RAM. When the boot process is ready you can eject the DVD or USB stick. Use Boot alternative 2 or Advanced options… >> load to RAM. Nvidia’s proprietary Graphics driver 430.50 is pre-installed in ExTiX 19.10. It will automatically be used if your computer has support for it

ABOUT
ExTiX 19.10
LXQt DVD 64 bit is based on Debian and Ubuntu 19.10. The original system includes the Desktop Environment Gnome. After removing Gnome I have installed LXQt 0.14.1. LXQt is the Qt port and the upcoming version of LXDE, the Lightweight Desktop Environment. It is the product of the merge between the LXDE-Qt and the Razor-qt projects: A lightweight, modular, blazing-fast and user-friendly desktop environment. NOTE: This ExTiX LXQt Build is for installation to UEFI-enabled computers. You shall use Refracta Installer for that.

The system language is ENGLISH.

SCREENSHOTS
1. ExTiX LXQt – root’s Desktop
2. ExTiX LXQt – live’s Desktop
3. Using Refracta Installer – chroot for installing Grub
4. live’s Desktop using the Nvidia Graphics driver

READ MORE…

Read about my Android-x86 Systems – Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat at

andex.exton.net – latest is AndEX Pie 9.0 (with GAPPS) and AndEX Oreo 8.1 (also with GAPPS)!
and
about my Pie, Oreo, Nougat, Marshmallow and Lollipop versions for Raspberry Pi 3/2 at
raspex.exton.se – latest is RaspAnd Pie 9.0 (without GAPPS) and RaspAnd Oreo 8.1 (with GAPPS)!

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MX Linux Exton Remix 64bit with all Debian packages upgraded to “Buster” (Debian 10) and kernel 4.19 replaced by 5.3.6-exton – Build 191018

ABOUT my MX Linux Remix 191018
MX Linux (based on Debian) is by far the most popular Linux system in the world according to DistroWatch.com. I tested MX Linux two days ago and noticed immediately that one can change the MX system and create a new ISO with MX Snapshot.

So today I quickly made a remix of MX Linux 18.3 (released in May 2019) using MX Snapshot.

My changes of the original MX system
1. All packages are upgraded from Stretch (Debian 9) to Buster (Debian 10). Study the full LIST.
2. The original kernel 4.19 is replaced by “my” kernel 5.3.6-exton.  You can download my kernel if you want to use it in another MX/Debian/Ubuntu/Mint system.
3. Some cosmetic changes. I.e. new wallpapers.

Everything in my remix works very well. You can of course make your own MX remix with my remix as “groundwork”.

Login
Login to the Xfce4 Desktop as live with password live or as root with password rootscreenshot.

SCREENSHOTS
1. root’s Desktop
2. live’s Desktop
3. Connection to a Windows computer with Samba
4. MX Snapshot running
5. MX USB Creator running
6. MX Exton Remix booting up live
7. MX Exton Remix booting up from hard drive

DOWNLOAD
The ISO can be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society.

md5sum

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